A hand gong often used to keep time. It is played held in the hand or suspended by a cord called a fusa and struck with a deer horn mallet called the shumoku. Also known as a chan-chiki.
General term for drum sticks.
Small hand cymbals, also called tebyoshi.
A paper lantern used for decoration by some taiko groups.
General term for a medium-sized taiko roughly two feet in diameter.
General term used for a taiko stand. Also used as a suffix in a compound word indicating the style of stand: e.g. shikaku-dai, a stand of square shape.
Suffix used to indicate a type of drum, a taiko group, or a style of taiko playing in a compound word. The “t” in taiko is changed to “d” when used in a conjunction with another word.
“The Way.” Indicated a path of learning.
General term for a place of study. Literally it means “the place of the Way.”
Notation for a single stroke on the taiko. It can also be combined as Dogo, Doro, DoDon, etc. for multiple strokes.
General term for a blown instrument including nohkan, shakuhashi and sho. Fue is widely used to refer to a transverse (horizontal) bamboo.
Placing both hands together as a sign of highest respect and courtesy. Holding hands together in gassho symbolizes harmony.
Headband often worn during festivals or by some taiko groups.
Short kimono-like coat often used in festivals and performances.
Belly. It’s thought to be the location of the Ki energy in humans. Also refers to the center of the drumhead.
General term for a drum wider than it is deep, (Lit. “flat drum”) with nailed heads, and carved from a single block of wood.
Buddhist term for Dharma drum or taiko.
General term for a large shell used as a trumpet-type instrument. A horagai is a Pacific Triton or a Shank Shell, while hora may mean a conch shell.
Buddhist term for combining the Dharma teachings with the enjoyment of music, and may be translated to “Dharma Entertainment.”
Wooden blocks used as clappers, similar to Latin clave, but struck at the tips rather that in the middle of the block.
Someone who plays the jiuchi or base beat rhythm.
Also called ji, a base beat. Usually a simple double beat (do ko) or a swing beat (don go).
General term for medium sized taiko. Also referred to as chu-daiko.
Striking the wood edge of the taiko. It can also be combined as Kara, Kaka, etc. for multiple strokes.
Shouts, used to accent the music, signal shifts in rhythm and to encourage other performers. Common kakegoe are: Sho! Hai! Yo! Iyo! Sore! Ha! Korakora!
Player’s ready position before playing the taiko.
General term for a metal gong or large bell.
Form or style.
The body’s energy or spirit, and it is located in the belly.
Shout used to channel ki.
General term for a small taiko about one foot in diameter.
Japanese zither usually made with 13 strings.
Also known as kuchi shoga, or kushi showa. The memnonic syllables and system used in learning traditional Japanese music. One syllable will correspond with one sound/note of an instrument, such as Don, Ka and Su.
A taiko ensemble literally meaning “grouped drums”. The modern style of taiko playing that uses many drums and performers at the same time.
Space. It is the space between two notes or beats on the taiko. It is somewhat equivalent to a rest in Western notation.
General term for any type of festival.
Sash or belt used to hold a kimono or happi closed.
General term for a taiko larger than 84 cm in diameter. It can refer to a large taiko of any style.
General term for Japanese dance.
General term for drums made form a barrel-stave construction, not to be confused with the North American wine barrel taiko. The heads are usually stitched over steel rings and then laced to the body with a rope, similar to the shime-daiko. The tone of the drum can be changed by the rope tension.
Portable Shinto shrine carried about on the shoulders of festival participants.
Drum pattern of increasing rapid beats, often leading into a drum roll.
Someone who plays the main rhythm.
End-blown flute made of bamboo.
General term for a rope-tensioned drum (now sometimes bolt or turnbuckle tensioned). Shime-daiko has two heads, which are sewn over steel rings and laced to a kuri-nuki body with a rope called the shirabeo.
Traditional Lion dance.
Musical rest, unplayed beat. A single rest/space between two beats would be written don (su) don.
Split toed socks worn with Japanese dress, such as kimono. Tabi with rubber soles are known as jika-tabi.
General term for Japanese drums.
Name of the Oxnard Buddhist Temple taiko group. Togen means “Heavenly Place” and daiko means “drum.”
Lightly struck beat or a beat struck at the outer edge of the drumhead.
Handheld taiko that has the skin stretched and stitched over a hoop and attached to a handle. It literally means a “fan drum.”
General term for singing.
Festival float pulled by festival participants and sometimes carries musicians.
Traditional Japanese thonged sandals similar in design to the ubiquitous “flip-flops.”